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中华人民共和国主席令(九届第51号)

《QUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIGUANYUXIUGAI〈ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHUNYINFA〉DEJUEDING》YIYOUZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUODIJIUJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIDIERSHIYICIHUIYIYU2001NIAN4YUE28RITONGGUO,XIANYUGONGBU,ZIGONGBUZHIRIQISHIXING。

ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOZHUXI JIANGZEMIN

2001NIAN4YUE28RI

中华人民共和国婚姻法

(1980NIAN9YUE10RIDIWUJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDISANCIHUIYITONGGUO,GENJU2001NIAN4YUE28RIDIJIUJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIDIERSHIYICIHUIYI《GUANYUXIUGAI〈ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHUNYINFA〉DEJUEDING》XIUZHENG)

第一章 总则

DIYITIAO BENFASHIHUNYINJIATINGGUANXIDEJIBENZHUNZE。

DIERTIAO SHIXINGHUNYINZIYOU、YIFUYIQI、NANNVPINGDENGDEHUNYINZHIDU。

BAOHUFUNV、ERTONGHELAORENDEHEFAQUANYI。

SHIXINGJIHUASHENGYU。

DISANTIAO JINZHIBAOBAN、MAIMAIHUNYINHEQITAGANSHEHUNYINZIYOUDEXINGWEI。JINZHIJIEHUNYINSUOQUCAIWU。

JINZHIZHONGHUN。JINZHIYOUPEIOUZHEYUTARENTONGJU。JINZHIJIATINGBAOLI。JINZHIJIATINGCHENGYUANJIANDENVEDAIHEYIQI。

DISITIAO FUQIYINGDANGHUXIANGZHONGSHI,HUXIANGZUNZHONG;JIATINGCHENGYUANJIANYINGDANGJINGLAOAIYOU,HUXIANGBANGZHU,WEIHUPINGDENG、HEMU、WENMINGDEHUNYINJIATINGGUANXI。

第二章 结婚

DIWUTIAO JIEHUNBIXUNANNVSHUANGFANGWANQUANZIYUAN,BUXURENHEYIFANGDUITAFANGJIAYIQIANGPOHUORENHEDISANZHEJIAYIGANSHE。

DILIUTIAO JIEHUNNIANLING,NANBUDEZAOYUERSHIERZHOUSUI,NVBUDEZAOYUERSHIZHOUSUI。WANHUNWANYUYINGYUGULI。

DIQITIAO YOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYIDE,JINZHIJIEHUN:

(YI)ZHIXIXUEQINHESANDAIYINEIDEPANGXIXUEQIN;

(ER)HUANYOUYIXUESHANGRENWEIBUYINGDANGJIEHUNDEJIBING。

DIBATIAO YAOQIUJIEHUNDENANNVSHUANGFANGBIXUQINZIDAOHUNYINDENGJIJIGUANJINXINGJIEHUNDENGJI。FUHEBENFAGUIDINGDE,YUYIDENGJI,FAJIJIEHUNZHENG。QUDEJIEHUNZHENG,JIQUELIFUQIGUANXI。WEIBANLIJIEHUNDENGJIDE,YINGDANGBUBANDENGJI。

DIJIUTIAO DENGJIJIEHUNHOU,GENJUNANNVSHUANGFANGYUEDING,NVFANGKEYICHENGWEINANFANGJIATINGDECHENGYUAN,NANFANGKEYICHENGWEINVFANGJIATINGDECHENGYUAN。

DISHITIAO YOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYIDE,HUNYINWUXIAO:

(YI)ZHONGHUNDE;

(ER)YOUJINZHIJIEHUNDEQINSHUGUANXIDE;

(SAN)HUNQIANHUANYOUYIXUESHANGRENWEIBUYINGDANGJIEHUNDEJIBING,HUNHOUSHANGWEIZHIYUDE;

(SI)WEIDAOFADINGHUNLINGDE。

DISHIYITIAO YINXIEPOJIEHUNDE,SHOUXIEPODEYIFANGKEYIXIANGHUNYINDENGJIJIGUANHUORENMINFAYUANQINGQIUCHEXIAOGAIHUNYIN。SHOUXIEPODEYIFANGCHEXIAOHUNYINDEQINGQIU,YINGDANGZIJIEHUNDENGJIZHIRIQIYINIANNEITICHU。BEIFEIFAXIANZHIRENSHENZIYOUDEDANGSHIRENQINGQIUCHEXIAOHUNYINDE,YINGDANGZIHUIFURENSHENZIYOUZHIRIQIYINIANNEITICHU。

DISHIERTIAO WUXIAOHUOBEICHEXIAODEHUNYIN,ZISHIWUXIAO。DANGSHIRENBUJUYOUFUQIDEQUANLIHEYIWU。TONGJUQIJIANSUODEDECAICHAN,YOUDANGSHIRENXIEYICHULI;XIEYIBUCHENGSHI,YOURENMINFAYUANGENJUZHAOGUWUGUOCUOFANGDEYUANZEPANJUE。DUIZHONGHUNDAOZHIDEHUNYINWUXIAODECAICHANCHULI,BUDEQINHAIHEFAHUNYINDANGSHIRENDECAICHANQUANYI。DANGSHIRENSUOSHENGDEZINV,SHIYONGBENFAYOUGUANFUMUZINVDEGUIDING。

第三章 家庭关系

DISHISANTIAO FUQIZAIJIATINGZHONGDIWEIPINGDENG。

DISHISITIAO FUQISHUANGFANGDOUYOUGEYONGZIJIXINGMINGDEQUANLI。

DISHIWUTIAO FUQISHUANGFANGDOUYOUCANJIASHENGCHAN、GONGZUO、XUEXIHESHEHUIHUODONGDEZIYOU,YIFANGBUDEDUITAFANGJIAYIXIANZHIHUOGANSHE。

DISHILIUTIAO FUQISHUANGFANGDOUYOUSHIXINGJIHUASHENGYUDEYIWU。

DISHIQITIAO FUQIZAIHUNYINGUANXICUNXUQIJIANSUODEDEXIALIECAICHAN,GUIFUQIGONGTONGSUOYOU:

(YI)GONGZI、JIANGJIN;

(ER)SHENGCHAN、JINGYINGDESHOUYI;

(SAN)ZHISHICHANQUANDESHOUYI;

(SI)JICHENGHUOZENGYUSUODEDECAICHAN,DANBENFADISHIBATIAODISANXIANGGUIDINGDECHUWAI;

(WU)QITAYINGDANGGUIGONGTONGSUOYOUDECAICHAN。

FUQIDUIGONGTONGSUOYOUDECAICHAN,YOUPINGDENGDECHULIQUAN。

DISHIBATIAO YOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYIDE,WEIFUQIYIFANGDECAICHAN:

(YI)YIFANGDEHUNQIANCAICHAN;

(ER)YIFANGYINSHENTISHOUDAOSHANGHAIHUODEDEYILIAOFEI、CANJIRENSHENGHUOBUZHUFEIDENGFEIYONG;

(SAN)YIZHUHUOZENGYUHETONGZHONGQUEDINGZHIGUIFUHUOQIYIFANGDECAICHAN;

(SI)YIFANGZHUANYONGDESHENGHUOYONGPIN;

(WU)QITAYINGDANGGUIYIFANGDECAICHAN。

DISHIJIUTIAO FUQIKEYIYUEDINGHUNYINGUANXICUNXUQIJIANSUODEDECAICHANYIJIHUNQIANCAICHANGUIGEZISUOYOU、GONGTONGSUOYOUHUOBUFENGEZISUOYOU、BUFENGONGTONGSUOYOU。YUEDINGYINGDANGCAIYONGSHUMIANXINGSHI。MEIYOUYUEDINGHUOYUEDINGBUMINGQUEDE,SHIYONGBENFADISHIQITIAO、DISHIBATIAODEGUIDING。

FUQIDUIHUNYINGUANXICUNXUQIJIANSUODEDECAICHANYIJIHUNQIANCAICHANDEYUEDING,DUISHUANGFANGJUYOUYUESHULI。

FUQIDUIHUNYINGUANXICUNXUQIJIANSUODEDECAICHANYUEDINGGUIGEZISUOYOUDE,FUHUOQIYIFANGDUIWAISUOFUDEZHAIWU,DISANRENZHIDAOGAIYUEDINGDE,YIFUHUOQIYIFANGSUOYOUDECAICHANQINGCHANG。

DIERSHITIAO FUQIYOUHUXIANGFUYANGDEYIWU。

YIFANGBULVXINGFUYANGYIWUSHI,XUYAOFUYANGDEYIFANG,YOUYAOQIUDUIFANGFUJIFUYANGFEIDEQUANLI。

DIERSHIYITIAO FUMUDUIZINVYOUFUYANGJIAOYUDEYIWU;ZINVDUIFUMUYOUSHANYANGFUZHUDEYIWU。

FUMUBULVXINGFUYANGYIWUSHI,WEICHENGNIANDEHUOBUNENGDULISHENGHUODEZINV,YOUYAOQIUFUMUFUJIFUYANGFEIDEQUANLI。

ZINVBULVXINGSHANYANGYIWUSHI,WULAODONGNENGLIDEHUOSHENGHUOKUNNANDEFUMU,YOUYAOQIUZINVFUJISHANYANGFEIDEQUANLI。

JINZHINIYING、QIYINGHEQITACANHAIYINGERDEXINGWEI。

DIERSHIERTIAO ZINVKEYISUIFUXING,KEYISUIMUXING。

DIERSHISANTIAO FUMUYOUBAOHUHEJIAOYUWEICHENGNIANZINVDEQUANLIHEYIWU。ZAIWEICHENGNIANZINVDUIGUOJIA、JITIHUOTARENZAOCHENGSUNHAISHI,FUMUYOUCHENGDANMINSHIZERENDEYIWU。

DIERSHISITIAO FUQIYOUXIANGHUJICHENGYICHANDEQUANLI。

FUMUHEZINVYOUXIANGHUJICHENGYICHANDEQUANLI。

DIERSHIWUTIAO FEIHUNSHENGZINVXIANGYOUYUHUNSHENGZINVTONGDENGDEQUANLI,RENHERENBUDEJIAYIWEIHAIHEQISHI。

BUZHIJIEFUYANGFEIHUNSHENGZINVDESHENGFUHUOSHENGMU,YINGDANGFUDANZINVDESHENGHUOFEIHEJIAOYUFEI,ZHIZHIZINVNENGDULISHENGHUOWEIZHI。

DIERSHILIUTIAO GUOJIABAOHUHEFADESHOUYANGGUANXI。YANGFUMUHEYANGZINVJIANDEQUANLIHEYIWU,SHIYONGBENFADUIFUMUZINVGUANXIDEYOUGUANGUIDING。

YANGZINVHESHENGFUMUJIANDEQUANLIHEYIWU,YINSHOUYANGGUANXIDECHENGLIERXIAOCHU。

DIERSHIQITIAO JIFUMUYUJIZINVJIAN,BUDENVEDAIHUOQISHI。

JIFUHUOJIMUHESHOUQIFUYANGJIAOYUDEJIZINVJIANDEQUANLIHEYIWU,SHIYONGBENFADUIFUMUZINVGUANXIDEYOUGUANGUIDING。

DIERSHIBATIAO YOUFUDANNENGLIDEZUFUMU、WAIZUFUMU,DUIYUFUMUYIJINGSIWANGHUOFUMUWULIFUYANGDEWEICHENGNIANDESUNZINV、WAISUNZINV,YOUFUYANGDEYIWU。YOUFUDANNENGLIDESUNZINV、WAISUNZINV,DUIYUZINVYIJINGSIWANGHUOZINVWULISHANYANGDEZUFUMU、WAIZUFUMU,YOUSHANYANGDEYIWU。

DIERSHIJIUTIAO YOUFUDANNENGLIDEXIONG、JIE,DUIYUFUMUYIJINGSIWANGHUOFUMUWULIFUYANGDEWEICHENGNIANDEDI、MEI,YOUFUYANGDEYIWU。YOUXIONG、JIEFUYANGZHANGDADEYOUFUDANNENGLIDEDI、MEI,DUIYUQUEFALAODONGNENGLIYOUQUEFASHENGHUOLAIYUANDEXIONG、JIE,YOUFUYANGDEYIWU。

DISANSHITIAO ZINVYINGDANGZUNZHONGFUMUDEHUNYINQUANLI,BUDEGANSHEFUMUZAIHUNYIJIHUNHOUDESHENGHUO。ZINVDUIFUMUDESHANYANGYIWU,BUYINFUMUDEHUNYINGUANXIBIANHUAERZHONGZHI。

第四章 离婚

DISANSHIYITIAO NANNVSHUANGFANGZIYUANLIHUNDE,ZHUNYULIHUN。SHUANGFANGBIXUDAOHUNYINDENGJIJIGUANSHENQINGLIHUN。HUNYINDENGJIJIGUANCHAMINGSHUANGFANGQUESHISHIZIYUANBINGDUIZINVHECAICHANWENTIYIYOUSHIDANGCHULISHI,FAJILIHUNZHENG。

DISANSHIERTIAO NANNVYIFANGYAOQIULIHUNDE,KEYOUYOUGUANBUMENJINXINGDIAOJIEHUOZHIJIEXIANGRENMINFAYUANTICHULIHUNSUSONG。

RENMINFAYUANSHENLILIHUNANJIAN,YINGDANGJINXINGDIAOJIE;RUGANQINGQUEYIPOLIE,DIAOJIEWUXIAO,YINGZHUNYULIHUN。

YOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYI,DIAOJIEWUXIAODE,YINGZHUNYULIHUN:

(YI)ZHONGHUNHUOYOUPEIOUZHEYUTARENTONGJUDE;

(ER)SHISHIJIATINGBAOLIHUONVEDAI、YIQIJIATINGCHENGYUANDE;

(SAN)YOUDUBO、XIDUDENGEXILVJIAOBUGAIDE;

(SI)YINGANQINGBUHEFENJUMANERNIANDE;

(WU)QITADAOZHIFUQIGANQINGPOLIEDEQINGXING。

YIFANGBEIXUANGAOSHIZONG,LINGYIFANGTICHULIHUNSUSONGDE,YINGZHUNYULIHUN。

DISANSHISANTIAO XIANYIJUNRENDEPEIOUYAOQIULIHUN,XUDEJUNRENTONGYI,DANJUNRENYIFANGYOUZHONGDAGUOCUODECHUWAI。

DISANSHISITIAO NVFANGZAIHUAIYUNQIJIAN、FENMIANHOUYINIANNEIHUOZHONGZHIRENSHENHOULIUGEYUENEI,NANFANGBUDETICHULIHUN。NVFANGTICHULIHUNDE,HUORENMINFAYUANRENWEIQUEYOUBIYAOSHOULINANFANGLIHUNQINGQIUDE,BUZAICIXIAN。

DISANSHIWUTIAO LIHUNHOU,NANNVSHUANGFANGZIYUANHUIFUFUQIGUANXIDE,BIXUDAOHUNYINDENGJIJIGUANJINXINGFUHUNDENGJI。

DISANSHILIUTIAO FUMUYUZINVJIANDEGUANXI,BUYINFUMULIHUNERXIAOCHU。LIHUNHOU,ZINVWULUNYOUFUHUOMUZHIJIEFUYANG,RENGSHIFUMUSHUANGFANGDEZINV。

LIHUNHOU,FUMUDUIYUZINVRENGYOUFUYANGHEJIAOYUDEQUANLIHEYIWU。

LIHUNHOU,BURUQINEIDEZINV,YISUIBURUDEMUQINFUYANGWEIYUANZE。BURUQIHOUDEZINV,RUSHUANGFANGYINFUYANGWENTIFASHENGZHENGZHIBUNENGDACHENGXIEYISHI,YOURENMINFAYUANGENJUZINVDEQUANYIHESHUANGFANGDEJUTIQINGKUANGPANJUE。

DISANSHIQITIAO LIHUNHOU,YIFANGFUYANGDEZINV,LINGYIFANGYINGFUDANBIYAODESHENGHUOFEIHEJIAOYUFEIDEYIBUHUOQUANBU,FUDANFEIYONGDEDUOSHAOHEQIXIANDEZHANGDUAN,YOUSHUANGFANGXIEYI;XIEYIBUCHENGSHI,YOURENMINFAYUANPANJUE。

GUANYUZINVSHENGHUOFEIHEJIAOYUFEIDEXIEYIHUOPANJUE,BUFANGAIZINVZAIBIYAOSHIXIANGFUMURENHEYIFANGTICHUCHAOGUOXIEYIHUOPANJUEYUANDINGSHUEDEHELIYAOQIU。

DISANSHIBATIAO LIHUNHOU,BUZHIJIEFUYANGZINVDEFUHUOMU,YOUTANWANGZINVDEQUANLI,LINGYIFANGYOUXIEZHUDEYIWU。

XINGSHITANWANGQUANLIDEFANGSHI、SHIJIANYOUDANGSHIRENXIEYI;XIEYIBUCHENGSHI,YOURENMINFAYUANPANJUE。

FUHUOMUTANWANGZINV,BULIYUZINVSHENXINJIANKANGDE,YOURENMINFAYUANYIFAZHONGZHITANWANGDEQUANLI;ZHONGZHIDESHIYOUXIAOSHIHOU,YINGDANGHUIFUTANWANGDEQUANLI。

DISANSHIJIUTIAO LIHUNSHI,FUQIDEGONGTONGCAICHANYOUSHUANGFANGXIEYICHULI;XIEYIBUCHENGSHI,YOURENMINFAYUANGENJUCAICHANDEJUTIQINGKUANG,ZHAOGUZINVHENVFANGQUANYIDEYUANZEPANJUE。

FUHUOQIZAIJIATINGTUDICHENGBAOJINGYINGZHONGXIANGYOUDEQUANYIDENG,YINGDANGYIFAYUYIBAOHU。

DISISHITIAO FUQISHUMIANYUEDINGHUNYINGUANXICUNXUQIJIANSUODEDECAICHANGUIGEZISUOYOU,YIFANGYINFUYUZINV、ZHAOLIAOLAOREN、XIEZHULINGYIFANGGONGZUODENGFUCHUJIAODUOYIWUDE,LIHUNSHIYOUQUANXIANGLINGYIFANGQINGQIUBUCHANG,LINGYIFANGYINGDANGYUYIBUCHANG。

DISISHIYITIAO LIHUNSHI,YUANWEIFUQIGONGTONGSHENGHUOSUOFUDEZHAIWU,YINGDANGGONGTONGCHANGHAI。GONGTONGCAICHANBUZUQINGCHANGDE,HUOCAICHANGUIGEZISUOYOUDE,YOUSHUANGFANGXIEYIQINGCHANG;XIEYIBUCHENGSHI,YOURENMINFAYUANPANJUE。

DISISHIERTIAO LIHUNSHI,RUYIFANGSHENGHUOKUNNAN,LINGYIFANGYINGCONGQIZHUFANGDENGGERENCAICHANZHONGJIYUSHIDANGBANGZHU。JUTIBANFAYOUSHUANGFANGXIEYI;XIEYIBUCHENGSHI,YOURENMINFAYUANPANJUE。

第五章 救助措施与法律责任

DISISHISANTIAO SHISHIJIATINGBAOLIHUONVEDAIJIATINGCHENGYUAN,SHOUHAIRENYOUQUANTICHUQINGQIU,JUMINWEIYUANHUI、CUNMINWEIYUANHUIYIJISUOZAIDANWEIYINGDANGYUYIQUANZU、DIAOJIE。

DUIZHENGZAISHISHIDEJIATINGBAOLI,SHOUHAIRENYOUQUANTICHUQINGQIU,JUMINWEIYUANHUI、CUNMINWEIYUANHUIYINGDANGYUYIQUANZU;GONGANJIGUANYINGDANGYUYIZHIZHI。

SHISHIJIATINGBAOLIHUONVEDAIJIATINGCHENGYUAN,SHOUHAIRENTICHUQINGQIUDE,GONGANJIGUANYINGDANGYIZHAOZHIANGUANLICHUFADEFALVGUIDINGYUYIXINGZHENGCHUFA。

DISISHISITIAO DUIYIQIJIATINGCHENGYUAN,SHOUHAIRENYOUQUANTICHUQINGQIU,JUMINWEIYUANHUI、CUNMINWEIYUANHUIYIJISUOZAIDANWEIYINGDANGYUYIQUANZU、DIAOJIE。

DUIYIQIJIATINGCHENGYUAN,SHOUHAIRENTICHUQINGQIUDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGDANGYIFAZUOCHUZHIFUFUYANGFEI、FUYANGFEI、SHANYANGFEIDEPANJUE。

DISISHIWUTIAO DUIZHONGHUNDE,DUISHISHIJIATINGBAOLIHUONVEDAI、YIQIJIATINGCHENGYUANGOUCHENGFANZUIDE,YIFAZHUIJIUXINGSHIZEREN。SHOUHAIRENKEYIYIZHAOXINGSHISUSONGFADEYOUGUANGUIDING,XIANGRENMINFAYUANZISU;GONGANJIGUANYINGDANGYIFAZHENCHA,RENMINJIANCHAYUANYINGDANGYIFATIQIGONGSU。

DISISHILIUTIAO YOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYI,DAOZHILIHUNDE,WUGUOCUOFANGYOUQUANQINGQIUSUNHAIPEICHANG:

(YI)ZHONGHUNDE;

(ER)YOUPEIOUZHEYUTARENTONGJUDE;

(SAN)SHISHIJIATINGBAOLIDE;

(SI)NVEDAI、YIQIJIATINGCHENGYUANDE。

DISISHIQITIAO LIHUNSHI,YIFANGYINZANG、ZHUANYI、BIANMAI、HUISUNFUQIGONGTONGCAICHAN,HUOWEIZAOZHAIWUQITUQINZHANLINGYIFANGCAICHANDE,FENGEFUQIGONGTONGCAICHANSHI,DUIYINZANG、ZHUANYI、BIANMAI、HUISUNFUQIGONGTONGCAICHANHUOWEIZAOZHAIWUDEYIFANG,KEYISHAOFENHUOBUFEN。LIHUNHOU,LINGYIFANGFAXIANYOUSHANGSHUXINGWEIDE,KEYIXIANGRENMINFAYUANTIQISUSONG,QINGQIUZAICIFENGEFUQIGONGTONGCAICHAN。

RENMINFAYUANDUIQIANKUANGUIDINGDEFANGHAIMINSHISUSONGDEXINGWEI,YIZHAOMINSHISUSONGFADEGUIDINGYUYIZHICAI。

DISISHIBATIAO DUIJUBUZHIXINGYOUGUANFUYANGFEI、FUYANGFEI、SHANYANGFEI、CAICHANFENGE、YICHANJICHENG、TANWANGZINVDENGPANJUEHUOCAIDINGDE,YOURENMINFAYUANYIFAQIANGZHIZHIXING。YOUGUANGERENHEDANWEIYINGFUXIEZHUZHIXINGDEZEREN。

DISISHIJIUTIAO QITAFALVDUIYOUGUANHUNYINJIATINGDEWEIFAXINGWEIHEFALVZERENLINGYOUGUIDINGDE,YIZHAOQIGUIDING。

第六章 附则

DIWUSHITIAO MINZUZIZHIDIFANGDERENMINDAIBIAODAHUIYOUQUANJIEHEDANGDIMINZUHUNYINJIATINGDEJUTIQINGKUANG,ZHIDINGBIANTONGGUIDING。ZIZHIZHOU、ZIZHIXIANZHIDINGDEBIANTONGGUIDING,BAOSHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIRENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIPIZHUNHOUSHENGXIAO。ZIZHIQUZHIDINGDEBIANTONGGUIDING,BAOQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIPIZHUNHOUSHENGXIAO。

DIWUSHIYITIAO BENFAZI1981NIAN1YUE1RIQISHIXING。

1950NIAN5YUE1RIBANXINGDE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHUNYINFA》,ZIBENFASHIXINGZHIRIQIFEIZHI。

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